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  • Writer's pictureBrent Payne

Certain ARIA roles must be contained by particular parent elements

At Loud Interactive, we've identified a critical issue during our SEO and web accessibility audit, focusing on the essential aspect of web accessibility related to ARIA roles and their required parent elements. This issue not only impacts the usability of a website for users with disabilities but also affects overall site quality and search engine rankings.


Explanation of the Issue: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) and ARIA (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) standards specify that certain ARIA roles must be contained within specific parent elements to ensure that users with assistive technologies, such as screen readers, can understand and interact with web content as intended. Failure to follow these guidelines can result in elements that are inaccessible, leading to a poor user experience for people with disabilities.


Why It Matters: Ensuring that ARIA roles are correctly used within the required parent elements is crucial for creating accessible web content. This adherence is not only about compliance with legal standards but also about inclusivity, ensuring that all users, regardless of their abilities, have equal access to information and functionality on the web. Moreover, accessible websites often rank better in search engines and reach a wider audience, enhancing both the site's usability and its visibility.


How to Correct the Issue:

  • Review and Understand ARIA Roles: Familiarize yourself with ARIA roles and their required parent elements. Resources like the WAI-ARIA Authoring Practices provide comprehensive guidance on how to use these roles correctly.

  • Audit Your Website for ARIA Compliance: Use tools like axe-core, provided by Deque Systems, to identify elements that violate ARIA role requirements. These tools can automatically detect many common accessibility issues, including incorrect ARIA role usage.

  • Implement Necessary Changes: For elements flagged as having incorrect ARIA role usage, adjust the DOM structure or the roles themselves to ensure compliance. This may involve adding missing parent roles or restructuring content to create a logical hierarchy that complies with ARIA guidelines.

Further Resources:

  • Deque University: Offers in-depth courses on ARIA roles and web accessibility (subscription required). Their courses provide valuable insights into creating accessible web applications.

  • ARIA Concepts: Deque University Course on ARIA Concepts

  • Role: Deque University Course on ARIA Roles

  • GitHub: Contribute to or explore the axe-core GitHub repository for tools and discussions on web accessibility.

  • W3C WAI-ARIA Roles: The official WAI-ARIA documentation provides detailed information on each role and its required context within web applications: WAI-ARIA Roles.

Ensuring that your website meets these accessibility standards is not just about avoiding legal complications; it's about affirming your commitment to providing an inclusive digital environment. At Loud Interactive, we are dedicated to helping our clients navigate these challenges, enhancing their website's accessibility, SEO, and overall user experience. For more information or assistance with your website, please visit Loud Interactive.

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